Irritable bowel syndrome SCI (also called functional colonopathy) is a common disorder that affects the large intestine .
Signs and symptoms include cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, gas, and diarrhea or constipation, or both.
It is a chronic disease that sufferers must manage over the long term.
Only a small number of people affected have severe symptoms. Some people manage the disorder by controlling their diet , lifestyle, and stress.
The most serious symptoms are usually taken care of by doctors.
Let's take a closer look at what it is, and what you can do to improve your living conditions when you have irritable bowel syndrome.
How does the syndrome start?
The cause or causes of irritable bowel syndrome remain a mystery to this day. Some experts believe that a combination of issues may trigger the disorder.
It seems that different factors can cause it in different people.
|It has been discovered that irritable bowel syndrome is not "reserved" for men. Some monkeys have shown symptoms 1 .|
No scientific study has so far made it possible to establish one or more causes in a clear manner, but certain observations have been made on the basis of testimonies cross-checked with the cases listed 2 .
Nerve issues: Abnormalities in the nerves of the digestive system can cause you to feel more discomfort than normal when the abdomen stretches from gas or bowel movements.
Poorly coordinated signals between the brain and the intestines can cause the body to overreact to changes that normally occur in the digestive process, resulting in pain, diarrhea, or constipation.
- Severe infection : The syndrome can develop after a severe episode of diarrhea (gastroenteritis) caused by bacteria or a virus. The disease can also be associated with an excess of bacteria in the intestines (bacterial overgrowth).
- Stress : People exposed to stressful events, especially during childhood, tend to show more symptoms related to this disorder.
Some problems are more common in people with IBS. Experts believe that these problems may play a role in causing IBS.
These issues include:
- Bacterial infections of the digestive tract
- Stressful or difficult events in early life, such as physical or sexual abuse
- Food intolerances or sensitivities, in which certain foods cause digestive symptoms
- Overgrowth of small intestine bacteria, an increase in the number or change in the type of bacteria in your small intestine
- Certain mental disorders , such as depression (external link NIH), anxiety (external link NIH), and somatic symptom disorder (external link NIH)
What can we do ?
Given the still limited knowledge about this syndrome, there is currently no scientific consensus on treatments.
On the other hand, science has discovered that good diet management can have very beneficial effects on the syndrome.
Treating Irritable Bowel Syndrome by Changing Your Diet
Researchers from the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven in Belgium claim to have found similarities between how people with irritable bowel syndrome experience abdominal pain and how some people with allergies react to food .
Here is a diet suggestion that could help calm the symptoms of this still too little known disease:
- Eat cooked vegetables, except maybe cabbage, cauliflower and broccoli - which can cause too much gas
- Try fruit without the skin. Some people may have trouble with melons, apples and citrus fruits
- Some patients benefit from increasing the fiber content of their diet. As for fiber, increase it slowly and ensure a water intake of 1.5 to 2 liters per day
- Balance your gut microbiota. Supplements such as Beocin can help you with this
- Some find the seeds hard to eat, but experiment to see if they bother you or not.
- Dairy products are only a problem for people who are lactose intolerant, so enjoy these products freely. If you suffer from lactose intolerance in addition to irritable bowel syndrome, you can try lactose-free products
- Enjoy all meats, chicken and fish
- It might be worth avoiding heavily spiced, sauced or fried foods
- Look for low-fat products to enrich your diet